Ancient Indian Scientific Discoveries & Inventions

India has to its credit one of the oldest civilization in the world. There are a lot of significant contributions that Indian has made to the world in the field of art, science, mathematics and so on. A lot of modern day inventions are based on the principals that were created in India right from the mythological age.

  1. The concept of gravity by Indian Mathematician 

The theory of gravitation was created 1200 years before Newton by an Indian Mathematician Bhaskaracharya.

He wrote “Siddhānta Śiromaṇī” at the age of 36 in 1150 AD. He also contributed to “Surya Siddhanta” that was originally written by Aryabhatta.

He states that “Every object falls on the ground due to earth’s force of attraction. This force allows the sun, earth, moon and constellations to stay in the orbit”.


2. The number 0 (zero) 

Aryabhatta (476-550 A.D.), one of the world’s greatest Indian mathematician-astronomer.

His greatest contribution has to be ZERO, for which he became immortal.


3. Worlds First University : Taksila University

India established world’s first university in Takshila in 700BC. Nalanda University was established in 4th century BC.


4. Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry and Calculus originated in India.


5. Diamond mining and diamond tools

Diamonds were first recognized and mined in central India, where significant alluvial deposits of the stone could then be found along the rivers Penner, Krishna and Godavari. It is unclear when diamonds were first mined in India, although estimated to be at least 5,000 years ago. India remained the world’s only source of diamonds until the discovery of diamonds in Brazil in the 18th century.


6. Zinc Mining

Zinc was first smelted from zinc ore in India. Zinc mines of Zawar, near Udaipur, Rajasthan, were active during early Christian era. There are references of medicinal uses of zinc in the Charaka Samhita (300 BCE).



The word shampoo in English is derived from Ancient Indian word chāmpo, and dates to 1762. A variety of herbs and their extracts were used as shampoos since ancient times in India.

8. Rust Proof  IRON PILLERS

The world’s first iron pillar was the Iron pillar of Delhi :Erected at the times of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya (375–413).The pillar has attracted the attention of archaeologists and materials scientists and has been called “a testament to the skill of ancient Indian blacksmiths” because of its high resistance to corrosion. As even in current schenerio we dont have that technology to smelt CORROSION free iron.



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